Artículos en revistas SCOPUS o ISI

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    La reincidencia culposa: un análisis jurídico y doctrinari
    (Cuestiones Políticas, 2022-09-22) Ullauri-Betancourt, Santiago Andrés; Moreno-Ramón, Andrea Guadalupe; Hidalgo-Montero, Oscar Tadeo; Heredia-Pincay, Diana Emilia
    Se analiza la figura de la reincidencia culposa tipificada en el Artículo 57 del Código Orgánico Integral Penal Ecuatoriano, esto respecto con la existencia de posibles vulneraciones a principios básicos del derecho, como la proporcionalidad y la culpabilidad, además de su aplicación como agravante en casos de peligrosidad del delincuente y potencialidad para volver a cometer infracciones, destacando el incumplimiento de los fines del derecho penal. La eventual divergencia entre la legislación ecuatoriana, los tratados internacionales y las posiciones jurisprudenciales son temas para destacar en el trabajo. Se trata de una investigación de carácter cualitativo y de tipo documental, enfocada en construir una correcta diferenciación de la reincidencia genérica y específica, para evitar futuras transgresiones a los derechos de los condenados por reincidencia culposa. Se concluye que la aplicación del Artículo 57 del COIP sanciona la conducta de la persona, lo que vulnera derechos inherentes a los ecuatorianos y los extranjeros residentes en el país, pues se toma en cuenta la peligrosidad del individuo como identificativo del reincidente, esto resulta en una tendencia previa al juzgador al momento de sentenciar, incumpliendo con la finalidad de mantener un orden jurídico que evita poner en una situación vulnerable al reincidente.
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    Caries Experience and Treatment Needs in Urban and Rural Environments in School-Age Children from Three Provinces of Ecuador: A Cross-Sectional Study
    (Dentistry Journal, 2022-10-01) Vélez-León, Eleonor María
    In Ecuador, national epidemiological surveys have not been updated; however, some regional studies in the northern areas of the country still report a high prevalence of dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the experience, severity, and need for treatment of dental caries in school children aged 6 to 12 years in urban and rural settings in three provinces of southern Ecuador. This cross-sectional, relational study examined 1938 schoolchildren in the provinces of Azuay, Cañar, and Morona Santiago. The survey instruments were based mainly on the WHO manual Methods of Oral Health Surveys (dmft) for primary and permanent dentition (DMFT), as well as the prevalence, severity, and Significant Caries Index (SCI). The parametric Student’s t-test was used to compare two groups, and the Spearman’s Rho and Tau-c Kendall correlation coefficients were used to associate the categorical variables. Results: The prevalence of caries in the primary dentition was 78% and 89.2% in the permanent dentition. The dmft (M = 4.12, SD = 2.86) and DMFT (M = 3.62: SD = 3.07) placed the general group in a moderate caries index. The need for treatment was 90.68% in the primary dentition, while it was 87.99% in the permanent dentition. Caries severity in both dentitions was high (M = 7.74; SD = 3.42). Conclusions. Alarming indicators of caries experience and the need for treatment were observed in the population studied
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    Prevalence of Caries According to the ICDAS II in Children from 6 and 12 Years of Age from Southern Ecuadorian Regions
    (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022-06-14) Vélez-León, Eleonor; Albaladejo, Alberto; Cuenca-León, Katherine; Jiménez-Romero, Magaly; Armas-Vega, Ana; Melo, María
    In Ecuador, national data on dental caries are scarce and the detection of incipient enamel lesions has been omitted. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of caries in school children aged 6 and 12 years of both sexes, belonging to urban and rural areas of three provinces of the country, using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS II). The sample consisted of 665 children from public schools, examined according to ICDASII. Caries prevalence and caries index were established using ICDAS II 2-6/C-G and ICDAS II 4-6/EG criteria for comparison with WHO indicators. The Mann–Whitney U statistical test was used for comparison of two groups, the effect size was measured with the correlation coefficient. and the Kruskal–Wallis H test (p < 0.05) for multiple comparisons. Caries prevalence exceeded 87% for primary and permanent dentition. There were no significant differences according to province (p ≤ 0.05). The caries index at 6 years was 6.57 and at 12 years 9.21. The SIC was high at 12 years in rural areas. The prevalence of caries in the population studied was high despite the preventive measures established by health agencies.
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    El rol de las redes sociales para futuros periodistas. Manejo, uso y comportamiento de estudiantes y profesores universitarios de Ecuador
    (Revista Cuadernos.info, 2019-09-06) Martínez-Sanz, Raquel; Arribas-Urrutia, Amaia
    Las redes sociales cambian las rutinas productivas, de difusión y de consumo de los medios de comunicación. Los futuros periodistas y sus docentes se enfrentan al desafío de su uso profesional y personal. Esta investigación indaga en los usos, preferencias de consumo y dominio de las redes sociales de estos dos colectivos en varias universidades ecuatorianas. La triangulación metodológica (encuesta, focus group y panel de expertos) aborda la relación que establecen con las redes sociales, el efecto en su día a día y en el quehacer docente. Los resultados revelan que los estudiantes tienen un perfil activo en redes sociales. Usan principalmente el smartphone para visualizar, compartir y crear contenido para entretenerse e informarse y manifiestan interés por formar parte de una comunidad de usuarios. También consideran a las redes sociales como un escaparate profesional y sienten necesidad de cuidar sus espacios digitales. Los docentes ven en las redes sociales un lugar para actualizarse y siguen a profesionales o medios de comunicación de confianza. Su presencia en las redes es limitada, caracterizada por la observación, y no se sienten lo suficientemente formados en tecnologías para su práctica docente, ni que disponen de tiempo para ello
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    Developmental Enamel Defects in Children from the Southern Region of Ecuador
    (Children, 2022-11-16) Vélez-León, Eleonor; Albaladejo-Martínez, Alberto; Pacheco-Quito, Edisson Mauricio; Armas-Vega, Ana; Delgado-Gaete, Andrés; Pesántez-Ochoa, Doménica; Melo, María
    Developmental defects of enamel (DDEs) are widely observed in children and are related to the appearance of dental caries, malocclusion, tooth sensitivity, and unfavorable esthetic conditions. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of enamel defects present in children aged 6 to 12 years in the provinces located in southern Ecuador. A total of 1606 schoolchildren were examined under the World Health Organization criteria for diagnosis of DDEs. The results are presented using percentage frequency measures and chi-square associations. Some types of DDEs were presented by 50% of the schoolchildren, mainly diffuse opacity, with no statistical differences according to place of residence and/or environment, sex, and age (p > 0.05). In Ecuador, it is necessary to carry out studies on the factors that trigger enamel defects, since they may be associated with the high prevalence of caries already reported in other studies in the country.